Hello Classmates, Teacher Roja, and Tutors! Welcome to my e-journal for EDS 111: Principles of Teaching! I am taking this class as a requirement for my Professional Teaching Certificate under the Faculty of Education in the University of the Philippines Open University. The goal is to get the certificate so I can apply for a teaching license.

I love teaching, and I know that this course will make me a better teacher. I will be sharing my reflections on each module in this journal. Hope we can learn from each other. 🙂


Final Entry

This is my last requirement for EDS 103, and it feels great to complete it! It has been a fruitful trimester. I learned much from the class. I had taken up an Educational Pyschology class in 2003, back when I had zero teaching experience. Going back to the concepts in this class with 7 years of teaching experience was an exciting ride. I could now relate as a teacher and not just as a student.

Going through my previous blog entries, I still stand by what I have written. After completing the finals and applying what I have learned, I realize I am partial to certain theories. In terms of intelligence, my biggest takeaways are multiple intelligences and emotional intelligence. Students have different strengths, and these must be appreciated. Also, the importance of emotional intelligence cannot be emphasized enough. I believe that no matter how smart you are, or how accomplished, if you do not know how to relate to other people and manage your emotions, you will be lonely and unhappy. I also appreciate self-efficacy and how to increase it. Sometimes all students need is encouragement, and they can soar to great heights.

I am also fascinated by Vygotsky’s  social cognitive theory. A big part of my research as an ethnobotanist focused on biocultural diversity, which explores the intricate links between language, culture and biodiversity.  There are so many different worldviews, and each culture has the worldview that is most relevant to them. I studied the perceptions of an indigenous community regarding their environment, and I could really see how different it was from my own. This theory is especially relevant as schools use their mother tongues and incorporate indigenous traditions in school curricula.

This course has definitely helped me to become a better learner. I love knowing how the mind works and I am interested in studying more about educational psychology. I have to admit though that translating theory into practice is not that easy all the time. Even if I know how I learn best, my circumstances do not always allow me to maximize my learning. I am also excited to apply these principles as a teacher when I start teaching again.

I really enjoyed this class. I found the lessons interesting, and I like how we could take charge of how much we wanted to learn. The discussion forums made me think, and my groupmates were just really awesome. Thank you very much, Teacher Malou!

Reflecting on Assignment 2 as a Process: Thanks, Fantastic Group F! :)

I believe that the explicit objectives of Assignment 2 were achieved, as we were able to identify theories in practice in the schools that we interviewed. The objectives of the course were also met, as we had to truly understand the concepts in order to construct questions that would help us identify them based on the interviews we conducted. The questions we chose also reflected the preferences and priorities of the group. After analyzing the interviews, we gave recommendations that would help implementation of the practical applications.

I think every activity has implicit goals, and this assignment was no exception. First of all, it would be working with a group in a distance learning format. The rubrics for peer assessment clearly identified how to be a good groupmate. This is my second experience of working with a group restricted to discussion forums for communication. I believe I did better this time around, as I already knew what to expect. For me, it became just like any other groupwork, except we can’t speak in Filipino, we can’t text our groupmates to remind them of things and have to just wait for their replies/outputs, and conversations are limited to strictly business. Other implicit goals could be learning to deal with the logistics of interviews, how to conduct them, and learning how to prioritize questions,

In this assignment, I developed tacit knowledge and skills in terms of group dynamics. I made sure I was always pleasant and diplomatic even when I was trying to push some of the members to contribute a little bit more. Before, I would just do the needed work myself to make things move faster, but I wanted everyone to have chances to do something. This is why I always divided up the tasks and asked groupmates to step up. I’ve had past experiences in groupwork wherein there was nothing for me to do because one or two groupmates already did everything. I appreciated their initiative, but I felt like I wasn’t really part of the group, and I didn’t learn as much as I could have. So in this groupwork, I tried to leave something for those who were not able to log on as frequently as the others. I think it worked okay since everyone was able to claim at least one task for themselves for all of our outputs.

As a group, I wondered about how to encourage our groupmates who were not as active as the others. I wonder if they felt like they were contributing enough already, or if they had pressing problems that they didn’t want to talk about. Some of my groupmates got sick too. But, always, there was someone who stepped up. I would like to especially commend Marissa, Angelica and Patricia for taking on more tasks than they signed up for and doing the tasks so well. I was also impressed by the group because they wanted to do a set of interviews per group member. I thought it would be overwhelming to have 8 sets, but I took up the challenge, and now we have a really good set of data, a mix of private public and homeschoolers. It’s great! We were really able to see the theories in action.

I think we all also learned a lot from each other. We all learned skills like using the forum and Google Docs. We also learned how to encourage each other. I like how our group was always so positive. We also had different strengths that worked well together.  I also learned how to deal with groupmates and encourage them based on how others encouraged others.

We could have done better by sticking to our deadlines more so we wouldn’t have to cram in the end. We also could have finalized our assigned tasks earlier so we wouldn’t have to wait for groupmates to step up. I think some members could have contributed more as well, given the amount of work others had to do to finish the paper.

In terms of our actual output, I honestly believe it is of good quality, and I’m proud of our group and our work. I’m also happy I have a table of recommendations to refer to in the future. Perhaps we could have discussed the interview guides a bit more to make the questions more coherent between teacher and learner, and more representative of the modules. But I think the chosen questions (and in the order they were asked) were able to get the necessary information for us to determine the applied theories.

Overall, I am very happy with our group and with our outputs. smile Marissa, Patricia, Angelica, Mary Ann, Olive, Sarah, and Lorraine, thank you very much. smile heart

Module 3.2: Models and Mentors in My Life

  • List the most important role models and mentors in your life. Then describe what their positive modeling and mentoring have meant to your development.

The models and mentors that have most influenced me (and continue to do so) are my parents, my thesis advisers, and my spiritual director. My father taught me discipline, hard work, perseverance, generosity, the importance of health, and the importance of prayer. My mother models positive thinking, trust in the Lord, selfless acts of service, kindness, open-mindedness and an independent mind. My thesis advisers showed me how to have a good mix of heart and mind, work/life balance, how to communicate effectively, and to trust in the goodness and capabilities of the people I encounter in life. My spiritual director is a very good mentor because he is calm and collected, gives great advice, insightful, and is very knowledgeable about the faith.

  • Describe which characteristics and behaviors you believe are the most important for you to model for your students.

I would like to model grit/perseverance, discipline, responsibility, cheerfulness, honesty, and a love for learning. These are the characteristics that I believe would build the character of a student and set him/her up for success in life.

  • Describe a systematic plan for bringing models and mentors into your students’ lives in one or more domain(s) you plan to teach, such as math, English, science, music, and so on.

I can bringing models and mentors into my students’ lives by having a series of activities designed for that purpose. First, when I teach a lesson (in science), I can talk about the scientist who discovered certain principles and highlight the character strengths that I would like the student to emulate. Then, we can watch a film about the life of a scientist (any scientist) so the students can observe behaviors in action. Later on in the semester, I can ask the students to interview the scientists in our college to help them learn from the behaviors of Filipino scientists. Based on the submitted interviews, I will choose one that I would like the students to emulate the most and invite the scientist to give an inspirational talk with a discussion after. Near the end of the semester, I can also ask the students to make independent research projects. They will need to find mentors for their projects, and doing research with their mentors will teach them invaluable lessons about being a good scientist.

  • Do you have someone in mind who might serve as an education mentor when you become a teacher? If so, describe the person.
  • What would your ideal education mentor be like?

The reason I talked about a science class in the college setting was because I taught biology at the university level since I graduated until just a few months ago. It is the setting I am most familiar with. However, I have made a career change and now work at a preschool. I have been observing classes and helping out, but I have not led a class yet. I am very new to this, and I do not know many preschool teachers yet. As such, I have not yet found an education mentor.

I do realize the importance of a mentor though, and would like to have one with the following characteristics. My ideal education mentor would have had years of experience in teaching and mentoring, and still in practice. She would be  approachable, available, open-minded, cheerful, kind, knowledgeable,  and creative. She would have a passion for teaching, would love teaching, and would be a lifelong learner.

Would you happen to know anyone? 🙂

Note: This blog post is a based on a survey found at http://www.mhhe.com/socscience/education/edpsych/santrocked02/ch07a_sa.html.

Module 3.4: How I Approach Learning

  • How do I approach learning? How do I expect from more knowledgeable others to help me learn?
    • Do I tend to be a passive learner? Do I want a more knowledgeable other (e.g., my teachers) to spoonfeed me or to transfer their knowledge to me?
    • Or do I prefer to construct knowledge? Do I ask myself questions and challenge my own understandings?  Am I stimulated by disequilibrium or do I ignore it?

How I approach learning depends on what I am learning and my motivations for doing so. If I need information quickly and temporarily, I would prefer to be spoonfed. For example, if I am taking pictures during an event and the subject of my photo requests certain effects, I would rather be told directly which buttons to press instead of figuring it out on my own.

However, in general, I prefer to construct knowledge. When I was younger, I would get into trouble in school because I would question and challenge my teachers when I felt their lectures were inadequate. I want to understand the how and why of things and not just know the what, when, where and who. I don’t like merely memorizing, and I like looking at the relationships between concepts and ideas. I tend to look at the big picture and come up with exceptions to rules so I can understand the rules better.

I also challenge and question myself. I often sit down and reflect on how I am living my life, and how I can be a better person. When I find new ways of doing things, I think about their validity and if they are applicable to my situation. Though I have an open mind, I am careful about believing ideas that do not make immediate sense to me. I am stimulated by this disequilibrium though, and turn things over in my head until I find a solution. Sometimes I come up with a solution that later turns out to be incorrect. Sometimes I do not find a solution. But I think that is okay. One can never fully know everything. Construction will always be a work in progress. I will just need to keep adjusting my mental constructs to accommodate the knowledge I gain throughout my life.

Module 3.3: Long-Term Memory

  • Who was your first teacher?  What was your first classroom like? What is you remotest childhood memory?  How long did it take you to retrieve those information?  What does that reveal about the nature of long-term memory?

My first teacher was Ms. Santos. She ran a preschool a stone’s throw away from our house. I still remember my first classroom. We had desks arranged in rows, with six desks per row (in groups of two). The desks had green tops, and the chairs were brown. There was a blackboard in front and on the left side. I’m not sure if there was a blackboard on the right side. There may have been windows instead. The door was in the back, on the right. The teacher’s table was front and center. It was brown. All of the furniture was wooden. These are my memories of my first classroom. I am not actually sure about all the details, except the locations of the blackboard, the teacher’s table and the door. We learned that memories, when recalled, are encoded by different neurons, and so the information might change slightly. Back at home, I have an album with pictures of the classroom, and I look forward to seeing the photos to see if I remembered correctly. I think my memory may have been reinforced from looking at the photos. Remembering the photo also facilitated my quick retrieval of the memory. I have vague memories of actually being in the classroom though.

My remotest childhood memory was when I was two years old and I was in a basement with my cousin. I retrieved this fairly quickly because I had been asked the same question as an adult. When I was first asked this question, I had no idea what I could answer. After thinking about it, I remembered the basement. Honestly though, I’m not sure if I remember actually being there, or if I recreated the memory since I’ve heard stories about my being there. The memory is vivid though, so I give it the benefit of the doubt.

In recalling these events, I understood the nature of memory more. In the module, we learned that long-term memory is stored and called to working memory when needed. The memory might also be different from the actual event, as I mentioned earlier. Important events and events wherein one was focused are easier to retrieve. I think that could be the reason why I was able to describe my first classroom better than my most remote memory. I spent two years in that classroom (thus I was very aware of the classroom), and going to school for the first time was significant for me.

Excellent Video for Social Learning

My classmate Mark posted the following video in the social learning open forum:


I really liked how the video showed aspects of social learning. I will re-post part of my reply in the forum here why this is an excellent video: “The child not only learns from her mother and the market sellers, but the viewer of the video also learns by observing the child. The video highlights love for family, entrepreneurship, creativity, and perseverance. Furthermore, the mother helped increase her child’s self-efficacy, and the children who buy the pineapple ice cream can also learn that they can be entrepreneurial too.”